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XmlQuery TWiki Plugin

Apply XSLT queries to Topic Data, DBI data, XML attachments & URLs


This Plugin allows TWiki to process XML Data using the XSLT language.

The inputs supported are

  • TWiki topics (data from tables, actions, forms and other metadata)
  • TWiki attachments (where these are XML files),
  • External XML documents (e.g. http://example.com/doc.xml)
  • Database sources (any datasource with a DBD driver)

The outputs supported are

  • HTML or XML embedded within a topic
  • XML written to an attachment e.g. RSS, SVG, Excel or Word XML etc.
  • Database data written to a DBI source

XmlQueryPlugin Settings

  • Short Description of the XmlQuery Plugin
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Apply XSLT queries to Topic Data, DBI data, XML attachments & URLs

  • Debug this plugin: (See output in data/debug.txt)
    • Set DEBUG = 0

Syntax Rules

XSLTSTART Variable: Define a Stylesheet

The basic format of an XSLT query is as follows


XSLT Text, see recipes for example XSLT


XSLTSTART Parameters

Parameter Comment Default
web This a regular expression which can match multiple webs e.g. ^Work current web
topic This is a regular expression that matchs topics within the web(s) matched by the web parameter current topic
attach This is a regular expression which is matched against attachments on already matched topics. The contents of these attachments are included in the XML parsed by this XSLT  
url depreciated: used XSLT document function instead Specify a url from which to extract XML. If specified this overrides the above XML sources  
urlinc depreciated: used XSLT document function instead Specify a url from which to extract XML. The XML data from this URL is included in the main body of the XML under
where x is the number of the urlinc. urlinc can be specified multiple times each having a separate /twiki/url
debug Accepts one of on , off or full
on lists the input XML, the XSLT being parsed, the raw output and plugin and cache settings
off switches off debug out
full by default the XML output in the debug is limited to the first 10k. This option will output it all. Browser beware
quiet Accepts one of on or off . If on will suppress warning and error messages off
benchmark Accepts one of on or off . If on will display internal benchmarks on the processing of the XSLT. Points to note, XML will have to be generated for pages referenced by the query but not saved since the Plugin was installed. This can take sometime and is a one off operation. Previews are not cached and this can be seen in benchmarks. off
cache Switch on or off result caching. The cache parameter overrides the cacheexpires parameter. This allows a simple cache flush function to be created where the value for cache is a URL parameter that gets set to off to flush the cache. on
cacheexpires Override the plugin defaults on expiring the result cache.
Valid values are
  • never the cache is never expired
  • now the cache is expired now
  • x [seconds,minutes,hours,days,weeks,months,years] specify exactly how long the cache should live
output Redirect the output of this XSLT block to a file stored as an attachment of the current TWiki Page. This option allows the creation of XML content that is not encapsulated inside a TWiki page. Examples of what this could be are an Excel xml file, a .svg file or a .xml such as a RSS file. The file can be referenced in the following manner %ATTACHURL%/filename.extension  
anything else Every other parameter specified is passed directly to the query as an XSLT parameter e.g. a parameter of admin="peter09@thoeny.org" becomes a parameter $admin available within the XSLT. See Recipe 2 for a working example. This is the best way of inserting or passing TWiki content to an XSLT query.  

XML Input Format

The XML that forms the input to the XSLT engine has the following outline structure. To see exactly what XML is being passed to an XSLT script set the debug parameter to either "on" or "full".

    <web name="Bla">
        <topic name="BlaBla">
            <data topic="BlaBla" web="Bla" version="Bla">
                    <table bla="bla">
                            <field type="title">Bla</field>
                            <field type="data">Bla</field>
                     <action bla="bla" ..../>
                     <? bla="bla"..../>
             <attachment name="bla">

Attachment data is only available if the attach parameter is used within the XSLTSTART variable. The table and action tag each contain the same arguments as specified within the TWiki text. This is a very useful way to pass metadata into the XML. The argument doesn't have to mean anything to the TWiki macro for it to be available. One use for this could be to create id and class parameters on these data sets.

Metadata is handled in a generic fashion where the metadata name/type becomes the tag name and every argument to the metadata becomes an argument to the XML element.

To view the actual structure of any TWiki page reference it in a XSLTSTART variable and set debug = "on" or "full".

XSLT DBI Extensions

3 XSLT DBI functions are available to connect database data to the XSLT engine. These provide means to both read and write data.

  • dbiselect('dbd','userid','password','sql statement')
  • dbido('dbd','userid','password','sql statement')
  • dbiblock('dbd','userid','password',$xml)

To import these functions add the following attribute to your initial spreadsheet tag


Each of these functions use the same first 3 parameters to specify the database connection. However the available set of connections is by default locked down to a limited set specified within the XmlQueryPlugin module. The reason for this is security, the DBI interface allows both reading and writing of database data. To amend the available set of connections the server admin will have to edit the plugin twiki/lib/TWiki/Plugins/XmlQueryPlugin.pm and amend the contents of the $dbi_connections variable. This variable and the $allow_user_to_specify_dbi_connection variable are both located near the start of the plugin.

    $dbi_connections = {
        'example1' => {
            'DBD'      => 'DBI:Pg:dbname=example;host=example.com',
            'user'     => 'exampleuser',
            'password' => 'examplepassword'

After the plugin text has been amended the web server may have to be restarted for your changes to take affect.

Once a local connection has been specified within the plugin it can then be referred to by it's identifier. In the above example that would be 'example1' . Locally specified connections overwrite the contents of the userid and password fields.

The available identifiers are listed in an error message returned from these dbi functions when an incorrect connection name has been specified.

dbiselect function

xq:dbiselect('dbd','userid','password','sql statement','sql_arguments'...)

This Function takes an sql select statement, its arguments and returns the result of the select as an XML nodeset.


 <xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" 

 <xsl:template match="/">

<xsl:variable name="query" select="xq:dbiselect('example1','','','select * from testtable where fieldname=?',$value)/>

  <xsl:for-each select="exslt:node-set($query)/row">
          <td><xsl:value-of select="fieldname"/></td>
          <td><xsl:value-of select="other_fieldname"/></td>

The XML returned is in the following format with "fieldname" being replaced with the actual column name


dbido function

dbido('dbd','userid','password','sql statement','sql_arguments'...)

This Function takes an sql statement, executes it with any sql_arguments and returns the number of rows updated (or an error message).


<xsl:variable name="value1" select="'1'"/>
<xsl:variable name="value2" select="'Joe'"/>
<xsl:variable name="result" select="xq:dbido('example1','','','insert into test

<xsl:if test="name(exslt:node-set($result)) = 'error'">
    <xsl:text>Error during processing</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="xsl:node-set($result)"/>

<xsl:if test="exslt:node-set($result)/updates">
    <xsl:text>Rows Updated</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="exsl:node-set($result)/updates"/>

dbiblock function


This function takes a block of sql statements, some associated data and executes these within a transaction block. In the following example the variable $sql is assigned an XML fragment with 2 embedded sql statements. The second insert statement has 4 rows of data each with 2 fields. These fields are mapped onto the sql statement at the positions of the "?" characters. For more info on


 <xsl:variable name="sql">
     <statement sql="delete from test"/>
     <statement sql="insert into test VALUES(?,?)">

<xsl:variable name="result" select="xq:dbiblock('example1','','',$sql)"/>

<xsl:if test="name(exslt:node-set($result)) = 'error'">
    <xsl:text>Error during processing</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="exslt:node-set($result)"/>

<xsl:if test="exslt:node-set($result)/updates">
    <xsl:text>Rows Updated</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="exslt:node-set($result)/updates"/>

XSLT TWiki Functions

3 XSLT functions are available for interaction with Twiki.

  • readtopic('web name','topic name')
  • readattachment('web name','topic name','attachment name')
  • cgiparam('parameter name' ...)

To import these functions add the following attribute to your initial spreadsheet tag


Please be aware that the use of these functions is not cache safe. It is recommended that caching be switched off. Unlike topics, attachments or parameters specified within the XSLTSTART variable where if the topic,attachment or value changes the cache is flushed these functions do not affect the status of the cache flag. The same warning applies to the XPath function document .

readtopic function

readtopic('web name','topic name')

This Function takes the name of a web and the name of a topic and returns the XML for that topic.


 <xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" 

 <xsl:template match="/">

<xsl:variable name="topic" select="xq:readtopic('TWiki','WebHome')"/>

  <xsl:for-each select="exslt:node-set($topic)//table">
          <td><xsl:value-of select="@name"/></td>
          <td><xsl:value-of select="count(row)"/></td>

The XML returned is a subset of the XML listed at XML Input Format e.g.

readattachment function

readattachment('web name','topic name','attachment name')

This Function takes the name of a web,a topic and an attachment and returns the XML for the attachment.


 <xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" 

 <xsl:template match="/">

<xsl:variable name="attach" select="xq:readattachment('TWiki','WebHome','attached.xml')"/>

  <xsl:for-each select="exslt:node-set($attach)//surname">
          <td><xsl:value-of select="."/></td>

The XML returned is taken directly from the attachment

cgiparam function

xmlquery:cgiparam('parameter name'...)

This Function takes a list of CGI parameter names and returns the values for these cgi parameters. Without any parameters this function returns all the parameter values.


 <xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" 

 <xsl:template match="/">

  <xsl:variable name="params" select="xq:cgiparam()" />

  <xsl:for-each select="exslt:node-set($params)/*">
          <td><xsl:value-of select="name()"/></td>
          <td><xsl:value-of select="text()"/></td>


The XML returned is as follows ....</parm name> ....</parm name> ....</parm name> ...

XMLSTART Variable: XML in TWiki Pages

If you need to specify XML data directly within a twiki page the XMLSTART/XMLEND tags can be used. For example.


XML Text


Parameter Comment Default
display This controls the display of the XML text
  • hidden The XML text is hidden from display but still available to XSLT queries
  • verbatim The XML is displayed exactly as entered
  • include the XML is included along with the rest of the TWiki text in the display


As XSLT has has a very powerful but complex syntax here are several examples of how to use it. If you do create a query that could be useful to others and would like to share then please do create a Recipe similar to the ones below and attach to TWiki:Plugins.XmlQueryPluginDev.

  • Recipe 1: List all Attachments in the current Web
  • Recipe 2: Attachments Queried using parameters
  • Recipe 3: Table Contents Filtered
  • Recipe 4: Table Contents Restructured
  • Recipe 5: Creating a unique, sorted, list from the contents of a table column
  • Recipe 6: Outputting TWiki syntax from XSLT
  • Recipe 7: Place all fields in one set. Simplifies some types of query.

Notes on Debugging

When debugging an XSLT script if you find that the error message returned is not detailed enough then try the following

  1. set the debug parameter debug="full"
  2. save the XML and XSLT to separate local files
  3. run command line tool xsltproc passing it the XSLT and XML files

xsltproc is a utility that comes with libxslt. On windows it is installed in perl/bin when XML-LibXSLT is installed. It provides a useful set of options to profile and debug XSLT.

Notes on Performance

  • Caching is very good for performance especially when multiple topics are being referenced. Use the benchmark parameter to help determine the benefits.
  • Accessing large (or large numbers of) XML files will consume memory on your server.

Useful Tutorials

To learn more about XML and XSLT try the following online resources

  • TopXML XSLT Tutorials and References
  • XML XML Tutorials
  • XSLT XSLT Tutorials
  • XPath XPATH Tutorials
  • EXSLT Extensions to XSLT available in LibXSLT

Details on the operation of this Plugin

  • When a topic is saved an XML version of the topic is also saved. This contains data held in TWiki tables, actions and metadata.

  • When a topic is referenced by a query the XML is checked to ensure it is up todate. If it is not up todate it is then regenerated.
  • When a query is parsed a top level XML document is created which includes the XML generated for each referenced topic
  • if caching is on a cache key is created from
    • this top level xml
    • the last modified times of each referenced topic
    • all the arguments passed to the XSLT (alter being evaluated for TWiki variables).
  • If caching is on the cache is checked for a result and if available it is returned. The following steps are only taken if no cached result is returned.
  • The topic/attachment/url XML is parsed by LibXML
  • The XSLT is parsed by LibXML
  • LibXSLT is then passed the parsed XML and parsed XSLT
  • If caching is on the result is cached.
  • The result is returned.

Notes on Plugin operation

  • The above caching scheme makes the use of TWiki variables and includes etc embedded into the XSLT a problem. If you do this it is best to switch off caching. To avoid having to do this pass the TWiki variables etc into the XSLT as parameters.
  • The caching schema unfortunately doesn't cache the most expensive part of the XSLT processing. The parsing of the XML. What this means is that when parameters to the XSLT are changed the XML has to be reparsed frown . The reason for this is that the serialize function on LibXML gives a result which is no quicker to load than the original XML text.

Plugin Requirements

This Plugin requires some disk space to store it's cache and the XML versions of each topic. The XML version of each topic takes around 1k on average.

The location of this disk space has a default

  • On TWiki4.0+ systems the plugin work area will be used /twiki_install_dir/pub/_work_area/XmlQueryPlugin

The default maximum size for this disk space is 100Mb. This value can be modified by altering the $cachelimit variable within XmlQueryPlugin.pm.

See Plugin Info for the list of Perl modules that must be installed before this Plugin can be used. The included perl script XmlQueryPlugin_install.pl will check for these modules.

Plugin Installation Instructions

Note: You do not need to install anything on the browser to use this plugin. The following instructions are for the administrator who installs the plugin on the server where TWiki is running.

* For an automated installation, run the configure script and follow "Find More Extensions" in the in the Extensions section.

  • Download the ZIP file from the Plugin web (see below)
  • Unzip XmlQueryPlugin.zip in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    XmlQueryPlugin_install.pl Script to check installed Perl Modules
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPlugin.txt Plugin topic
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPlugin.txt,v Plugin topic repository
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe1 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe2 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe3 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe4 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe5 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe6 Plugin Example
    data/TWiki/XmlQueryPluginRecipe7 Plugin Example
    lib/TWiki/Plugins/XmlQueryPlugin.pm Plugin Perl module
  • execute the script XmlQueryPlugin_install.pl
  • Test if the installation was successful:
  • if unsuccessful check the data/warnings.txt file

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PatrickDiamond
Copyright: © 2004-2006 TWiki:Main.PatrickDiamond
© 2008-2011 TWiki:TWiki.TWikiContributor
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: 2011-06-02
Change History:  
2011-06-02: TWikibug:Item6743: Fixed XInclude error problem with VERSION string -- TWiki:Main.DipuDeshmukh
2011-04-10: TWikibug:Item6638: Doc improvements -- TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny
2011-03-14: TWikibug:Item6663: Remove hardcoded folder reference for Windows, use TWiki:Plugins.DatabaseContrib to provide connection services to the database -- TWiki:Main.DipuDeshmukh
16th Aug 2006: removed unsafe plugin preferences
28th Feb 2006: Documentation fixes
Added script to check for required perl modules
9th Feb 2006: Dakar compatibility
22nd Dec 2005: Small bug fix, and doc fixes
10th Oct 2005: Added topic read function
Added attachment read function
Added cgi parameter read function
some small speedups
9th Sept 2005: Added DBI access functions
Added output parameter support
7th Dec 2004: Small fix, metadata date format problem.
Date fields are now being padded to correct width
10 Nov 2004: Initial version
TWiki Dependency: TWiki:Plugins.DatabaseContrib, TWiki version 01 Feb 2003 or later
CPAN Dependencies: CPAN:DBI, CPAN:XML::LibXML, CPAN:XML::LibXSLT, CPAN:XML::Simple, CPAN:Text::ParseWords, CPAN:Cache::Cache, CPAN:String::CRC, CPAN:LWP::UserAgent
Other Dependencies:  
Perl Version: 5.6
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 98%, FormattedSearch 99%, XmlQueryPluginRecipe4 96%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/XmlQueryPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/XmlQueryPluginDev

Related Topics: XmlQueryPluginAppraisal, XmlQueryPluginDev, XmlQueryPluginRecipe1, XmlQueryPluginRecipe2, XmlQueryPluginRecipe3, XmlQueryPluginRecipe4, XmlQueryPluginRecipe5, XmlQueryPluginRecipe6, XmlQueryPluginRecipe7, XmlQueryPluginRecipe8, DatabaseContrib, DBIQueryPlugin, UserDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences, TWikiPlugins

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